What Judaism teaches
If Jesus was born of a virgin, how could Jesus have descended from King David on his father’s side?
Genesis 49:10 The scepter shall not depart from Judah, nor the student of the law from between his feet, until Shiloh comes, and to him will be a gathering of peoples.
2 Samuel 7:12-14 When your days are finished and you shall lie with your forefathers, then I will raise up your seed that shall proceed from your body after you, and I will establish his kingdom. He shall build a house for My name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever. I will be to him a father, and he shall be to Me a son; so that when he goes astray I will chasten him with the rod of men, and with the stripes of the sons of Adam.
1 Chronicles 22:9-10 Behold a son will be born to you; he will be a man of peace, and I shall give him peace from all his enemies around about, for Solomon will be his name, and I shall give peace and quiet to Israel in his days. He shall build a House in My Name, and he shall be to Me as a son, and I to him as a Father, and I shall prepare the throne of his kingdom forever.’
Ezekiel 37:24-28 And My servant David shall be king over them, and one shepherd shall be for them all, and they shall walk in My ordinances and observe My statutes and perform them. And they shall dwell on the land that I have given to My servant, to Jacob, wherein your forefathers lived; and they shall dwell upon it, they and their children and their children’s children, forever; and My servant David shall be their prince forever. And I will form a covenant of peace for them, an everlasting covenant shall be with them; and I will establish them and I will multiply them, and I will place My Sanctuary in their midst forever. And My dwelling place shall be over them, and I will be to them for a God, and they shall be to Me as a people. And the nations shall know that I am the Lord, Who sanctifies Israel, when My Sanctuary is in their midst forever.”
Jeremiah 33:14-17 Behold, days are coming, says the Lord, and I will establish the good thing that I spoke concerning the house of Israel and the house of Judah. In those days and in that time I will cause to grow for David a plant of righteousness, and he shall execute justice and righteousness in the land. In those days, Judah shall be saved, and Jerusalem shall dwell securely and this is the name that He shall call it, the Lord is our righteousness. For so said the Lord: There shall not be cut off from David a man sitting on the throne of the house of Israel.
Jesus’ lineage cannot come through King David because the lineage can only be passed through the father. (Numbers 1:17-19, Ezra 2:59,62). Since Jesus was born of a virgin, his father Joseph could not have passed on the lineage to him. Furthermore, Joseph’s lineage was through Coniah, who was cursed by God, saying that none of his descendants will sit as kings.
Jeremiah 22:28-30 Is this man, Coniah, a despised, shattered image, or a vessel in which there is no use? Why were he and his seed cast away, thrown to a land they know not? O land, land, land, hearken to the word of the Lord. So said the Lord: Inscribe this man childless, a man who will not prosper in his days, for no man of his seed shall prosper, sitting on the throne of David or ruling anymore in Judah.
There is also no evidence that Mary descended from King David. The genealogy in Luke 3 traces the lineage of Joseph, not Mary.
Furthermore, the Bible says that the Messiah must descend from Solomon (2 Sam 7:12-16, 1 Chronicles 22:9-10, 28:4-7) whereas Mary descended from David’s son Nathan. (Luke 3:31)